IEEE Global Internet Policy Monitor

19 October 2016 — This week in Europe, German cyber and technology industries have warned the European Commission about the dangers of excessively free flowing open data. They have suggested that they need to find the right balance between encouraging an open market, and cyber protection. Failing to do so, they warn, could leave Europe vulnerable.

National Election day in Montenegro was hit by a number of cyber attacks. The attacks were DDOS based attacks and targeted a number of news outlets and telecoms groups. It is not clear who carried out the attacks or for what specific purpose…


12 October 2016 — This week the EU’s Telecom regulator Berec has outlined its work programme for 2017. Of significance in the regulator’s plans are the enforcement of the EU’s new net neutrality regulations as well as future plans for electronic communications regulations. A consultation on the body’s work programme will run until the 2nd November.

In the Netherlands the Senate is set to vote on whether to adopt new EU rules on net neutrality. The Government wish to retain the Netherland’s stricter rules on positive price discrimination rather than adopt the EU’s more lenient measures…


5 October 2016 — In the European Union this week, the Commission has announced plans to implement rules for internet connected machines to meet certain levels of cyber security. The move continues the EU’s stance of boosting IOT innovation through the encouragement of internet connectivity in commercial products.

The EU has begun to debate new export controls for cyber security and surveillance products. The proposed reform package will lead to fewer restrictions for encryption, while increasing regulations on digital interception…


28 September 2016 — In Europe MEPs have been considering the use of ‘big data’ and a report is currently being drafted by Ana Gomes. By 2017, the big data market is expected to reach €50 billion and create 3.75 million new jobs.

German data protection authorities have ordered Facebook to delete data, such as phone numbers, it has received from its subsidiary WhatsApp.

A report from Kaspersky Labs has found that the use of biometric data in lieu of passwords and pin codes are still highly susceptible to being hacked. This is primarily due to the fact that once hacked, biometric data cannot be altered unlike conventional digital passwords…


21 September 2016 — In European news, the Chief of GCHQ Ciaran Martin, hopes for the practice of using DNS filters to prevent cyber-attacks to become a common place practice in the organisation. He described this as a “flagship project”, which aims to stop ‘bad web addresses’, disguised as legitimate domains which spread malware and viruses.

Coding and computer science are to be at the forefront of Ireland’s new education plan, which aims to give Ireland the best education system in Europe by 2026. The plan will see cyber skills (including coding) instructed to children at primary school level…

 


15 September 2016 — Ahead of his confirmation as the EUs latest Commissioner, Sir Julian King has told the European Parliament that the EUs security is being weakened by back door encryption. Sir Julian is set to become the EUs Commissioner for the Security Union and will likely be the UKs last EU Commissioner, following the EU referendum result in June.

New rules from the EU will place greater pressure on American company transactions in Europe, with repercussions for Google, Facebook and WhatsApp as a result of new rules to regulate the digital market place, from encryption monitoring to net neutrality

 


7 September 2016 — Following the clarification of Berec’s net neutrality guidelines last week the mobile network Three has fallen foul of the regulator for its planned network level adblocker. Whilst Berec has stated that adblockers should not be available at the network level, a final decision on the issue will be made by the UK regulator Ofcom.

In cyber security news this week the UK and India have signed a Memorandum of Understanding to exchange information on cyber attacks regarding both countries. The UK has also signed a similar agreement with the USA, with both the Indian and American agreements designed to improve cooperation on cyber issues with the UK…

 


31 August 2016 — A major development in net neutrality was announced by the European telecoms regulator BEREC this week. The new rules essentially shore up an existing loophole that allowed telecoms companies to prioritize premium companies by speeding up and slowing down their delivery of internet access.

Following last week’s announcement that the EU will support back doors into secure communication apps, WhatsApp has fallen under increased scrutiny from the EU and other regions over its deal to share account information with Facebook

 


26 August 2016 — In Europe this week the EU has moved to back the demands of French and German officials who wish to crack down on encrypted communication networks used by terrorists. This would have major implications for general internet privacy however as the networks in question are those of commonly used apps such as Snapchat and Whatsapp.

Elsewhere the impact of proposed new net neutrality rules have begun to have an impact with a leading UK children’s charity outlining the significant cost that net neutrality will incur for the group following the abolition of zero rating...

 


18 August 2016 — In Europe this week computer scientists from the University of Birmingham have uncovered a potential security flaw that effects Volkswagen cars. The Scientists believe a limitation in the locking system means that all vehicles manufactured by the Volkswagen Group since 1995 are easily opened by a simple hack.

The EU Agency for Network and Information Security has this week stated that whilst levels of Cyber-crime have increased in recent years there is no way of knowing the true cost to Europe's Governments and businesses…


10 August 2016 — The headline issue in digital terms this week is the network malfunction that led Delta Airlines to ground their global aviation fleet for several hours. The company has blamed the issue on a power outage at their corporate headquarters. Planes in the air do not appear to have been affected.

In European news this week, the EU has hinted that new telecoms laws set to be announced in September will for the first time include internet communications companies such as WhatsApp and Skype. The move would see these companies incorporated into the same laws that regulate traditional telecoms companies and are likely to increase the control of these companies by EU member states…


3 August 2016 — In Europe this week net neutrality has taken centre stage on digital issues this week after a leak from the EU Commission signaled that the body will look to make broadband internet access a right fro EU citizens. This will likely lead to a greater focus on the EUs net neutrality policies in order to ensure this right becomes a reality.

A major official announcement from the EU Commission also made headlines this week after Sir Julian King, the UKs Commission nominee was awarded the EUs security portfolio. As the UK looks to end its membership of the European Union, Sir Kings control of EU cyber-security policy could have a significant impact on both the UKs and EUs digital industries…


26 July 2016 — In Europe this week the EUs telecoms regulatory body BEREC has reportedly received almost half a million responses as part of its net neutrality consultation. The large response signals the growing concern for net neutrality globally, as it mirrors the response to the American FCC in 2014. 22.07.16

On cybersecurity it should be noted that Estonia is currently in talks with the UK to store national data, such as birth, banking, electoral and real estate records abroad. The decision has been taken by the Estonian government in response to fears of another mass cyber attack from Russia. The previous attack in 2007 digitally severed the Government from its citizens for almost three weeks…


21 July 2016 — The EU is on a path towards collision with internet and telecoms giants including Google and NBC Universal with plans to introduce reforms this autumn. Changes to EU copyright law have angered broadcasting groups, with plans to extend copyright regulations to internet on-demand services proving particularly divisive. Meanwhile, Brussels has filed new anti-trust charges against Google, arguing that it has abused its market dominance to restrict advertising from its competitors. 

Tim Berners-Lee weighed into the debate about net neutrality at the EU level, urging officials to take a tough stance against the telecoms giants. Berners-Lee, famous for his universalist and egalitarian approach to web services, descried the industrys tactics as manipulative and urged the commission to protect access…


13 July 2016 — This week the EU has again dominated Cyber news in Europe, with the announcement that the Privacy shield between the EU and USA has been agreed to by representatives of each member state. However there were four absentions from the vote and there is growing thought that the agreement will face several legal challenges.

Elsewhere the EUs net neutrality rules have been criticized by 20 European Telecoms bodies as a detriment to the use of 5G technology. The document put forward by these organisations the 5G Manifesto for timely deployment of 5G in Europe argues against restrictive internet rules as they will create a barrier to the financial incentive to implement and run 5G systems…